Shri. Atul Prasad, IAS
Additional Chief Secretary
Social Welfare Department
Shri Alok Kumar, IFS
Director, ICDS

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) was launched in 33 Blocks on October 2, 1975, in response to the challenge of meeting the holistic needs of the child. Today, ICDS is one of the world's largest and most unique outreach Programmes for children. It is widely acknowledged that the young child is most vulnerable to malnutrition, morbidity, resultant disability and mortality. The early years are the most crucial period in life, as it is the time when the foundations for cognitive, social, emotional, language, physical/motor development and life-long learning are laid.

It is in this context ? recognising that early childhood development constitutes the foundation of human development ? that the ICDS Programme was designed to promote all-round development of children under six years, through the strengthened capacity of care-givers and communities and improved access to basic services at the community level.

The Programme is being implemented at 80,211 anganwadi centres (AWCs) through 544 Child Development Projects across the state.

The Programme aims to benefit children below six years, pregnant and lactating women in the reproductive age group (15-45 years). The package of services delivered by the scheme includes:

Presently 79.408 lakh beneficiaries are covered under supplementary nutrition programme. They are given supplementary nutrition for 300 days in a year as per following norms- Supplementary Food is to be provided for 25 days a month to beneficiaries. Food is provided as take home rations and Hot cooked meal served in AWC.

Norms for supplementary nutrition
  Number per day Number of days per month Number of days per year Energy (Kcal) Proteins (grams)
1.Children 3-6 years 40 25 300 500 12 -15
2. Children 6m to 3 years
  • Malnourished children
28 25 300 500 12 - 15
  • Severely malnourished children
12 25 300 800 20 - 25
3. Pregnant / Nursingmothers 16 25 300 600 18 - 20
4. Adolescent girls 3 25 300 600 18 - 20
Total 99        
Hot cooked meal is distributed to the children attending pre-school education as per following fixed weekly menu. Morning snacks are also distributed. Fixed weekly menu
Day of week Days per month Recipes
Monday 4 Khichri
Tuesday 4 Rasiyav
Wednesday 4 Khichri
Thursday 4 Halwa
Friday 4 Pulao
Saturday 4 Khichri
Plus one day 1 Khichri
Total days per month 25

Take Home Ration – Supplementary Nutrition is distributed in the form of Take Home Ration to pregnant and lactating women and children between 6 months to 3 years at each Anganwadi Center on 15th date of every month. Beneficiaries are getting Take Home Ration for the full month at one time.

Quantity of Take Home Ration
Beneficiaries No. of Beneficiaries Rice Pulse
6 months to 3 years 28 malnourished children 2.5 kg per child 1.250 kg per child
6 months to 3 years 12 sham children 4 kg per child 2 kg per child
Pregnant to Lactating women 16 women 3 kg per woman 1.500 kg per woman

As a result of inter-sectoral coordination with Health Department Routine Immunization has increased up to 66.6%. Vitamin A Immunization Round- ICDS and health worker work simultaneously during Vitamin A immunization rounds in which primary Sub-Centre and Anganwadi Centers are the focal point for the 4 days round.

Under Construction

Under Construction

To further strengthen Pre-School a new scheme providing financial support @ Rs. 250 per child per year towards dress at children enrolled at all Anganwadi Centers has been introduced in last financial year. This scheme is being continued in the current financial year also. An amount of Rs. 9167.70 lakh has been allocated during the current financial year towards this scheme.

This is expected to increase the attendance of pre-school children. Pre- school education kits are being provided at each Anganwadicentre.

Curriculum of PSE includes two introductory & innovative books UDAAN- 1 & 2. The first one tries the children to teach through beautiful small poem, short stories &melodius songs.

The second one includes general play materials & activities necessary for physical, intellectual, emotional & language development of children.

These have been provided to all AWCs.

Health and Nutrition Education is imparted on Immunization day i.e. Wednesday & Friday in rural areas & Monday & Saturday in urban areas, according to micro plan made by joint venture of CDPO & MO I/C.

VHSND (Village Health Sanitation & Nutrition Day) has been rolled out in all the AWCs from April 2011 onwards with the support of Health & Public Health and Engineering Department. In which all the services are delivered at AnganwadiCentres on a fixed day. Awareness is generated for Hand -washing at Critical time that is before the meal and after using the toilet and also special stress is given to use home and Anganwadi toilets.

Awareness is generated through NHED (Nutrition & Health Education) sessions.

Supplementary nutrition is provided to the children below 6 years and pregnant and lactating women to bridge the caloric gap between the national recommended nutritional guidelines and actual intake by the women and children of disadvantaged communities.

Immunisation of pregnant women and children is done to reduce the maternal and neonatal mortality. The children are immunised against six childhood diseases namely poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles.

Health Check-ups include health care of children less than six years, antenatal care of expectant mothers and postnatal care of nursing mothers. The various health services provided for children by anganwadi workers and Primary Health Centre staff, include regular health check-ups, recording of weight, immunization, management of malnutrition, treatment of diarrhoea, de-worming and distribution of simple medicines etc.

Referral Services are provided during health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or malnourished children, in need of prompt medical attention, are referred to the Primary Health Centre or its sub-centre.

Pre-School and Non formal education for three-to six years old children in the anganwadi is directed towards providing and ensuring a natural, joyful and stimulating environment, with emphasis on necessary inputs for optimal growth and development.

Nutrition, Health and Education involves use of Behaviour Change Communication strategy to build capacity of women especially in the age group of 15-45 years – so that they can look after their own health, nutrition and development needs as well as that of their children and families.

For more info Please Visit www.wcd.nic.in