Shri. Atul Prasad, IAS
Additional Chief Secretary
Social Welfare Department
Shri Alok Kumar, IFS
Director, ICDS

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) was launched in 33 Blocks on October 2, 1975, in response to the challenge of meeting the holistic needs of the child. Today, ICDS is one of the world's largest and most unique outreach Programmes for children. It is widely acknowledged that the young child is most vulnerable to malnutrition, morbidity, resultant disability and mortality. The early years are the most crucial period in life, as it is the time when the foundations for cognitive, social, emotional, language, physical/motor development and life-long learning are laid.

It is in this context ? recognising that early childhood development constitutes the foundation of human development ? that the ICDS Programme was designed to promote all-round development of children under six years, through the strengthened capacity of care-givers and communities and improved access to basic services at the community level.

Implementation Status

The Programme is being implemented at 80,211 anganwadi centres (AWCs) through 544 Child Development Projects across the state.

Benefits and Eligibility

The Programme aims to benefit children below six years, pregnant and lactating women in the reproductive age group (15-45 years). The package of services delivered by the scheme includes:

Early childhood is defined as the period from conception through eight years of age.

The earliest years of a child’s life are critical. These years determine child’s survival and thriving in life, and lay the foundations for her/ his learning and holistic development. It is during the early years that children develop the cognitive, physical, social and emotional skills that they need to succeed in life.

These early experiences are largely determined by supportive family and community care practices, proper nutrition and health care, learning opportunities, which in turn are dependent on enabling policies and investments for young children and families. ECE positively impacts attendance, retention, and learning of children in elementary and higher education. 

Need and challenges in India

In India, according to Census 2011 data there are 164.48 million children of 0-6 years of age. Recognizing the need to provide quality pre-primary programmes, a number of constitutional and policy provisions have been made such as the 86th Constitutional Amendment which introduced Article 21A on the right to free and compulsory education for 6-14 years old children and Article 45 to urge states to provide ECCE for all children until they complete the age of six years. 

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act 2010 guarantees children their right to quality elementary education. ECE is not recognized as a compulsory provision by RTE, but RTE urges states to provide free pre-school education for children above three years. The 12th Five Year Plan acknowledges the importance of ECE and improving school preparedness. 
The Government of India approved the National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy in 2013. The Policy framework also includes the National Curriculum Framework and Quality Standards for ECCE.
 
A child’s development is holistic in nature, but can be categorized under different domains— physical/motor, cognitive, language, socio-emotional and creative and aesthetic appreciation. These five domains are interdependent—each domain is linked with the other and affects its development and each skill is a blending of other skills. For example, recognizing and naming the colour of an object is a combination of cognitive and linguistic skills. Development in each of these areas is dependent on appropriate stimulation and opportunities to learn.
Accomplishments or major achievements along the developmental continuum across these fivedomains are called developmental milestones. These developmental milestones are an orderly  sequence of steps and appear within a fairly predictable age range. At the same time, it is important to note that each child is unique and develops at her/his own pace and all children do not acquire the same set of skills at the same age.

Anganwadi Bachchon Ke Liye Poshak Yojana/Mukhyamantri Poshak Yojana:

The Anganwadi Bachchon Ke Liye Poshak Yojana/Mukhyamantri Poshak Yojana aims to strengthen the ‘Early Childhood Education’ component of Integrated Child Development Services by providing uniforms to children between 3-6 years of age as an incentive to attend the anganwadi centres (AWCs). The Scheme also attempts to inculcate feelings of identity, harmony and unity among the children through these uniforms.

Implementation Status

In the financial year 2010-11, Rs. 7615.10 lakh was allotted for the Scheme, benefiting 3,046,040 children.

Benefits and Eligibility

All children between 3- 6 years of age enrolled at (AWCs) are provided with one set of the uniform. Alternately, a sum of Rs. 250 /- per child per year is allotted for the uniform (a light-blue shirt and navy blue pants for boys and a light-blue shirt and navy blue skirt for girls).

How to Access

The benefits of the Scheme are being dispensed by anganwadi centres. The Child Development Project Officers , with the help of anganwadi workers (AWWs) ensure the disbursal of funds allotted to the guardians of the children. Following this, the AWWs have to ensure that the guardians have procured the uniform.

For more info Please Visit www.wcd.nic.in

Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for empowerment of adolescent girls (RGSEAG) - SABLA:

With the objective to improve the nutritional and health status of adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years and empower them by providing education in life-skills, health and nutrition, the Government of India introduced the Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls - SABLA in November, 2010. The Scheme also aims at equipping girls with information on family welfare, health and hygiene, existing public services, etc., and to draw out-of-school girls into the formal or non-formal education systems.

The focus of the Scheme is primarily on out-of-school girls. An integrated package of services ? comprising nutrition and non-nutrition components ? are provided to adolescent girls, the ‘Nutrition Component’ targeting out-of-school girls between 11 and 14 and all girls in the 14-18 age-group.

Implementation Status

The Scheme is being implemented in 12 districts ? Patna, Buxar, Gaya, Aurangabad, Sitamarhi, West Champaran, Saharsa, Kishanganj, Katihar, Banka, Vaishali and Munger. A total of 176 child development projects are operating currently (Year 2011) covering a total of 30, 858 anganwadi centres. The District wise implementation status of the Scheme has been provided in Annexure-1.

Benefits and Eligibility

The Scheme covers adolescent girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years under the ICDS projects in 12 Distrcts of Bihar.

The following services are being provided under the Scheme:

Nutrition provision (600 calories, 18-20 grams of protein and micro-nutrients for 300 days).

IFA supplementation.

Health check-up and referral services.

Education in nutrition and health.

Counselling and guidance on family welfare, adolescent reproductive and sexual health, childcare practices and home management.

Education in life-skills and on accessing public services.

Vocational training for girls aged 16 and above under National Skill Development Programme.

How to Access

The services under this Scheme are available at the anganwadi centre.

Service Target Service Entitlement / Service Standards Eligibility Place Contact Person

Improve Nutrition and Health status and, Promote awareness & upgrade their vocational skills The scheme (SABLA) is running in twelve districts Patna, Buxar, Gaya, Aurangabad, Vaishali, Sitamarhi, West Champaran, Saharsa, Banka, Munger, Katihar &Kishanganj.

Adolescent girls age group of 11-18 Y

Nutrition Provision-Each out of school Adolescent girl in the age group of 11-15Y attending AWCs & all girls in the age group of 15-18 y will be provided SN in the form of THR containing 600 Kcal.,18-20 gm Protein @ of Rs.5 per beneficiaries for 300 days in a year

IFA Supplementation-100 tablets of IFA will be provide at kishori Shakti Day to each beneficiary through supervised consumption.

Health Check up and Referral Services-once in 3 months on a special day.

Nutrition and Health Education-NHE will be given jointly by the Health and ICDS functionaries/NGO on Kishori Shakti Day every month .This will include food habits, personal hygiene, use of safe drinking water and sanitation , balance diet etc.

Counselling /Guidance on family welfare, ARSH, child care practices and home management –Age appropriate knowledge will be provided at the AWC by the resource person from NGO like reproductive cycle, HIV/AIDS, contraception, menstrual hygiene etc.

Life Skill education and accessing public service- To develop personal competence trainings will provide for confidence building, self awareness, decision making, critical thinking , communication skill ,existing public services etc.

Vocational training for girls aged 16 and above under NSDP- Vocational training for orientation towards self employment after 18 years of age .

Adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 under ICDS projects

AWC

DPO, CDPO, Supervisor

For more info Please Visit www.wcd.nic.in